Harichand Guruchand University (HGU)

Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Departments, Admission, Recruitment, Website, Syllabus, Faculty, Centre for Matua Studies

With an emphasis on strengthening the education infrastructure of North 24-Parganas and surrounding districts of West Bengal, the Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) was established by the West Bengal State Government by incorporation of the Harichand Guruchand University Act, 2018, West Bengal Act XXVII of 2018, Part- III, Acts of the West Bengal Legislature, Law Department Legislative Notification, published in The Kolkata Gazette (Extraordinary), 2nd January, 2019.

Sri Sri Harichand Thakur and his son Sri Sri Guruchand Thakur are the saviours cum pathfinder to the Dalit communities in the greater undivided Bengal presidency. They are remembered for their phenomenal contribution for uplifting the untouchables in Bengal.

In the memory of such legends and to honour the deliberation of the Matua community to get enlightened through knowledge, Hon’ble Chief Minister of West BengalSmt. Mamata Banerjee on 11th January of 2019 laid the foundation stone of Harichand Guruchand University at Thakurnagar, North 24 Parganas, West Bengal.

This University has been instituted with a dedicated vision of bridging a pool of opportunities in higher education vis-à-vis envisaging scholastic work in social and cultural issues of Matua community. With this very aim, Prof. (Dr.) Tapan Kumar Biswas, Professor in the Department of Folklore, Kalyani University, joined as the first Vice-chancellor of the Harichand Guruchand University on 30th January, 2021.

He is a renowned academician and has many research works about the Matua community and their heritage to his credit. Presently, the State Government has identified 8.8-acre land at Chandpara in North 24 Parganas, to be allotted for the building of the University infrastructure.

Till then a makeshift arrangement has been made to carry out administrative cum academic proceedings of the university in the premises of P. R. Thakur Government College, Thakurnagar, North 24 Parganas- 743287.

In this initial phase, the university has opened its academic door with three faculties: Science, Arts and Education. More school of studies are in plan to be opened in the near future.

About Vice Chancellor

Prof.(Dr.) Tapan Kumar Biswas He is currently the Vice Chancellor of Harichand Guruchand University. Prof.(Dr.) Tapan Kumar Biswas has had an outstanding educational background. Prof. Biswas was conferred with Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Life Time Achievement National Award in 2019 for teaching, research and publication by International Institute for Social and Economic Reforms(R.), Bengaluru.

At the Harichand Guruchand University, we are committed to playing a pivotal role in creating an ambience for creating new ideas, knowledge and graduates who will be the leaders of tomorrow. In doing so, we hope to make significant contributions to the development of West Bengal and the country to improve the quality of life of its citizens. We are convinced that to achieve this objective, we will need to pursue a strategy that fosters creativity and supports interdisciplinary research and education. This will provide the students with an understanding and appreciation of the process of knowledge creation and how technology and knowledge could be used to create wealth and achieve social and economic goals. The Harichand Guruchand University, is an essential; –

And miles to go before I sleep,

And miles to go before I sleep.”

Update Notice Board


  1. Arts
  2. Education
  3. Journalism & Mass Communication

Arts(Bengali, History)

  • Education

Journalism & Mass Communication

Harichand Guruchand University
Thakurnagar, 24 Pgs(N)
P. R. Thakur Govt. College Campus
Adm. Notifications 01/2021
Admission in MA Courses 2021-23

HGU, a State Aided University in West Bengal, offers the following courses from the 2021-23 academic session :

  1. M.A. in Bengali – Intake Capacity 50

Minimum Eligibility is B.A. (Hons.) in Bengali. This regular course will be taught by eminent Professors in the field.

2. M.A. in Education – Intake Capacity 50

Minimum Eligibility is B.A./B.Sc. Honours in Education or B.Ed. This regular course will be taught by eminent Professors in the field.

3. M.A. in History – Intake Capacity 50

Minimum Eligibility is B.A. (Hons.) in History. This regular course will be taught by eminent Professors in the field.

4. M.A. in Journalism and Mass Communication – Intake Capacity 25

Minimum Eligibility is 3-yrs Graduate in any discipline. This partly self-financed course will be taught by eminent experts in the field. The students will be provided adequate exposure in theory and practice so that at the end of the course they can work as professionals. The students have the option to leave the course after successful completion of the second semester. They will then be awarded P.G. Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication.

For details, please visit : harichandguruchanduniversity.com
Opening online Portal for application for PG Courses: 1 – 15, September 2021
Date : 01.09.2021 Registrar
E-mail : [email protected]
[email protected]

Bengali Department

Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Bengali Syllabus (Masters Degree)Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Bengali Syllabus (Masters Degree)

History Department

Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) History Syllabus (Masters Degree)

Department of History

Syllabus for the Post Graduate Course in History

Under Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)

 w.e.f. the Academic Session 2021-22

Basic Structure of Curriculum in M.A. in History

Under Choice Based Credit System

In HarichandGuruchand University 2021

Total marks-1000            Credits-100

Semester – I
Course CodeCourse TypeCourse TitleLTInCreditMarks
MAHIST 101CoreState, Society and Economy in Ancient India  4010550
MAHIST 102CoreSociety, Religion and Culture in Colonial Bengal 4010550
MAHIST 103CoreVarious Aspects of Nationalism in Southeast Asia: Burma, Indo-China and Indonesia   4010550
MAHIST 104CoreIndian Freedom Movement, 1885-1947 4010550
MAHIST 105CoreIndian Historiography: Concept and Methods 4010550
  Total   25250
Semester – II
Course CodeCourse TypeCourse TitleLTPCreditMarks
MAHIST 201Open Course  Cultural History of India (students may opt only other subject) 4010550
MAHIST 202CoreWestern Historiography: Concept and Methods 4010550
MAHIST 203CoreWomen in Indian Society: From Past to Present 4010550
MAHIST 204CoreSelect themes of Ancient Societies 4010550
  Opt any one paper of the following 4010  
MAHIST 205ElectiveSelect themes of Medieval Societies  4010550
MAHIST 206ElectiveSouth Asian Perspectives 4010550
  Total   25250
Semester – III
Course CodeCourse TypeCourse TitleLTPCreditMarks
MAHIST 301Core Contemporary History of India Since 1947 4010550
MAHIST 302CoreModern World 19th and 20th Centuries 4010550
MAHIST 303CoreHistory of Environment and Ecology in India 4010550
  Opt any two papers of the following papers     
MAHIST 304ElectiveHistory of Religion in India 4010550
MAHIST 305ElectiveRegional History of 24 Pargana District(Ancient Times to 1986)   4010550
MAHIST 306ElectiveEconomic History of Modern India 4010550
MAHIST 307ElectiveIndian Diaspora 4010550
  Total   25250
Semester – IV
Course CodeCourse TypeCourse TitleLTPCreditMarks
MAHIST 401Core West Bengal 1947 Onwards 4010550
MAHIST 402CoreState, Society and Economy in Medieval IndiaAS4010550
  Opt any two paper of the following papers     
MAHIST 403ElectiveScience, Technology and Medicine in India 4010550
MAHIST 404ElectiveIntellectual History of Bengal (1783-1947)   4010550
MAHIST 405ElectiveSelect Debates in Indian History   4010550
MAHIST 406ElectiveResistance Movements in Colonial India 4010550
MAHIST 407CoreProject 50 550
  Total   25250


Paper-101: State, Society and Economy in Ancient India

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: Towards formation of the state:  proto-states, chiefdoms of later Vedic period and

territorial states in the Age of the Buddha.

Unit- 2: Concept of state polity, Jatakas and Mahabharata, centralization of Mauryan state, Gupta

polity, administrative institutions, beauracratic system, financial administration, authority,

morality, legal and ethical sanctions in the light of Arthasastra, concepts of Saptangarastra

Unit- 3: State formation in south India: chiefdoms, Decentralisation, Genesis of Local – Self

Government, Chola administration 

Unit- 4:  Early society in India, Origin and development of caste system: casteism reflected in

Buddhist-Brahmanical literature and philosophy

Unit- 5: Technology and Economy, Agrarian Economy, Non-agrarian Economy, Inland and Maritime

Trade, Silk Road, Business Practices and Monetary History and Taxation

Select Readings:

  • Claessen, H.J.M and P. Skalnik, The Early State, The Hague, 1978
  • Drekmeier, Charles, Kingship and Community in Early India, OUP, 1962
  • Gurukkal, Rajan, Social Formations in Early South India, OUP, 1998
  • R C Majumdar, Corporate Life in Ancient India, Firma K.L.M. Calcutta, 1969.
  • R K. Mukherji. Ancient India, Allahabad, Indian Press, 1956.
  • R P Kangle, The KautilyaArthasastra, Bombay University, Bombay, 1963.
  • R. C. Majumdar, Corporate Life in Ancient India, Calcutta, First Published, 1919.
  • R. S. Sharma, Sudras in Ancient India, Delhi, 1958.
  • R.S. Sharma: Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India, Delhi, 1959.
  • R.S. Sharma, Social changes in Early Medieval India, Delhi, 1969.
  • R.S. Sharma., Origin of the State in India, Bombay, 1989
  • Romila Thapar: From Lineage to State, OUP, Bombay, 1984.
  • Romila Thapar, Asoka and the Decline of the Mauryas, Delhi, 1963

Paper-102: Society, Religion and Culture in Colonial Bengal

(Core Course)

Unit-1:Society and Religion:Social and Religious Reform Movement— Young Bengal, Rammohan

             Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Swami Vivekananda, Brahma Movement and the Brahma

Samaj,PrarthanaSamaj, Arya Samaj etc. Social and Religious Organizations: Ramakrishna

Mission, Bharat Sevashram Sangha and others, The Position of Women in Social, Religious and

Reform Movement, Hindu-Muslim Relations: Conflict and Syncretism.

Unit-2: Namasudras of Bengal: History of the Namasudras and Matua Community,Namasudra and Matua  

              Religious Movement: Harichand Thakur, Guruchand Thakur, Pramatha Ranjan Thakur,

              Educational Movement of the Namasudra Community, Progress of the Namasudras in Politics and

               Economy: Harichand Thakur, Guruchand Thakur, Pramatha Ranjan Thakur, Jogendranath

               Mandal and others.

Unit-3: Education:Pre-Colonial Education System of Bengal: Gurukul, Tol, Maktab, Madrasa, etc, The

              Beginning of Western Education during the Colonial Period, Contribution of the Missionaries,

             Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy on Education, The Spread of Western Education under State

 initiative, Educational Reform Movement and its Impact

Unit-4: Literature:The Legacy of Vaishnava and Charyapada Literature, Development of Bengali

Language and Prose Literature during the Colonial Period, Literature of Pre-Rabindra era, Post-

Rabindra Literature

Unit-5:Art:Different Trends in the Art of Painting, Contributions of Rabindranath and its Santiniketan,

Architecture and Sculpture: Different Genres of Bengal, Bishnupur Genre, Santiniketan Genre etc,

Evolution of Bengali Music, Western Influence, Theatre, Dance, Film and Popular Media

Select Readings:

  • V.C. Joshi (ed.)— Rammohan Roy and the process of Modernization in India.
  • Anil Kumar Sarkar, Historians and Historiography of Bengal and North East India, 2016, New Delhi
  • A.Kumar— Women Education 
  • S.P.Agarwal— Women Educatio in India
  • R.N. Sinha— Population Education 
  • V.K. Nanda— Environmental Education
  • P.J. Marshall—East Indian Fortunes: the British in Bengal in the 18th cent.
  • Anil Kumar Sarkar, Women in Indian Society: Essays on Historiography and Politics, 2020, New Delhi
  • P.J. Marshall— Bengal the British Bridgehead 
  • N.K. Sinha (ed.)— History of Bengal 1757 – 1905
  • দিলীপ কুমার বিশ্বাস— রামমোহন সমীক্ষা
  • ভবানীপ্রসাদ চট্টোপাধ্যায়— দেশভাগ: পশ্চাৎ ও নেপথ্যকাহিনী
  • প্রমথরঞ্জন ঠাকুর— আত্মচরিত বা পূর্বস্মৃতি
  • সুধীররঞ্জন হালদার— হরিচাঁদঠাকুর ও মতুয়াধর্ম
  • সুধীররঞ্জন হালদার— দণ্ডকারণ্যের দিনগুলি
  • সুধীররঞ্জন হালদার— ইতিহাসের প্রেক্ষাপটে দণ্ডকারণ্য ও মরিচঝাঁপি
  • মহানন্দ হালদার— শ্রীশ্রীগুরুচাঁদচরিত
  • অসিতকুমার বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়— বাংলা সাহিত্যের সম্পূর্ণইতিবৃত্ত
  • সুকুমার সেন— বাংলা সাহিত্যের ইতিহাস
  • ক্ষেত্র গুপ্ত— বাংলা সাহিত্যের সমগ্র ইতিহাস
  • দেবেশ কুমার আচার্য— বাংলা সাহিত্যেরই তিহাস
  • অশোক ভট্টাচার্য— বাংলার চিত্রকলা
  • P Mitter— Art and Nationalism in Colonial India
  • Nitin Singhania— Indian Art and Culture
  • M Archer and WG Archer— Indian Paintings for the British 1770-1880
  • J Appasamy— Abanindranath Tagore and the Arts of His Times,
  • W G Archer— Kalighat Paintings
  • তারাপদ সাঁতারা— পশ্চিমবঙ্গের লোকশিল্প ও শিল্পীসমাজ
  • দুলাল চৌধুরী — বাংলার লোকসংস্কৃতির বিশ্বকোষ

Paper-103:  Various Aspects of Nationalism in Southeast Asia: Burma, Indo-China and Indonesia

(Core Course)

UNIT-I: Traditional Burma and Colonial Intervention: Kingship in Burma-–Central system of

administration-–Local government-–Anglo-Burmese wars-–British rule is lower Burma—

Annexation of Upper Burma-–Phases of political development.

UNIT-2: Burmese Nationalism and Independence: Renaissance of Burmese cultural tradition—

Cultural Nationalism –Y.M.B.A., G.C.B.A. etc. Post-war reform proposal-–Rebellion 1930-

31 –Racial friction-–Burma’s separation from India-–Thakin movement-–Japanese

occupation –British re-conquest-–Independence settlement-–Role of Aung San-–Ne-win and

Burmese way to socialism

UNIT-3: Colonialism to Independence: Tayson Rebellion and the Unification of Vietnam–Process of

Colonization and Resistance–Assimilation and Association–Cambodia and the Siamese

Question–Impact on Ethnicity, Education and Administration–Early Resistance and

Scholars’ Movements –Nationalism and Communism -VNQDD, Viet Minh, August

Revolution 1945, Dien Bien Phu, the Cold War and Geneva Settlement of 1954

UNIT-4: Dutch control over major Indonesian archipelago- –Rise of Sarekat Islam – Political and

Cultural Change – Communism in Indonesia – Role of different Nationalist parties –

Japanese Tactics in Indonesia – The Indonesian Republic under Dr. Sukarno—Indonesia

during the regime of Sukarno Putri.

UNIT-5: Spread of Non-Aligned Movement in South East Asia and its impact on international

politics– the Cold War era- India’s role in the nationalist movements in South-East Asia—

The activities of Indian Revolutionaries in South-East Asia.

Select Readings:

Paper-104:  Indian Freedom Movement, 1885-1947

(Core Course)

Unit-1: Pre-Congress period: Various Interpretations of Indian Nationalism: The Background, Different

               Approaches and Schools., Pre-Congress Political Organisations: Landholders Society, British India 

               Society, Bengal British India Society, British India Association, Madras Native Association, Bombay

               Association, East India Association, National Indian Association, Poona Sarvajanik Sabha, Indian

               Society, Indian Association, Madras Mahajan Sabha, Bombay Presidency Association and others.

Unit-2:Foundation of the National Congress, Activities of the Moderate Phase, Moderate-Extremist Conflict;

                Influence of Bankimchandra, Vivekananda, Rabindranath, Partition of Bengal (1905): Swadeshi and

                Boycott Movement, The Muslim League and theChanging Scenario of theNational Movement

Unit-3: Nationalist Movements:  The Rise of Gandhiji and the Evolution of Gandhian Politics, National

Movements of India led by Gandhiji,Three Streams of Nationalism— Nehru, Subhas, Rabindranath,

India’s Freedom Struggle outside India

Unit-4: Revolutionary Movements:  Revolutionary Activities in Bengal,  Revolutionary Activities in

Punjab,  Revolutionary Activities in Maharashtra, Revolutionary Activities in other Provinces

Unit-5: The Last Stage of Freedom Movement:Subhas Chandra Bose and Azad Hind Fauj, Spread of the Leftist

Ideology— Student, Peasant, Labor Movement, Naval Rebellion, The Complexities of Communal

Politics, the Process of Transfer of Power, Partition and Independence

Select Readings:

  • R.C. Majumdar, History of Freedom Movement in India.
  • AmaleshTripathy, SwadinataSangrameBharater Jatiyo Congress. 
  • AmaleshTripathy, The Extremist Challenge
  • SumitSarkar, Modern India.
  • Sumit Sarkar, Swadeshi Movement in Bengal
  • Sekhar Bandyopadhyay,From Plassey to Partition.
  • Ramchandra Guha, India After Gandhi.
  • Bipan Chandra, India’s Struggle for Independence.
  • Bipan Chandra, History of Modern India.
  • A.R. Desai, Social Background of Indian Nationalism.
  • H.N. Mukherji, India’s Struggle for Freedom.
  • StanlyWolpert, A New History of India. 
  • Anil Seal,  Emergence of Indian Nationalism
  • Ram Gopal, British Rule in India.
  • Jaya Chatterji, Bengal Divided: Hindu Communalism and partition.
  • Anil Kumar Sarkar, British Paramountcy and the Cooch Behar State, New Delhi, 2011
  • Pranab Kumar Chattopadhyay, Adhunik Bharat. 
  • Chattopadhyay Mrinal Kanti, Jyatiyotabadi Jinnah: ChintarKromobibartan. 
  • Samar Kumar Mallik, AdhunikBharaterRupantar: Raj ThekeSwar.

Paper-105:  Indian Historiography: Concept and Methods

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: The theoretical framework of Historiography – Nature and Scope of History – Philosophy

and Theories of History – Structure and form of History, Concept of Progress in History –

Subjectivity and Objectivity – Indian notion of the past and emergence of historical


Unit- 2: Sources of Ancient and Medieval Indian historiography – the Itihasa-Purana tradition –

Historical consciousness in the Vedic texts – Buddhist and Jaina texts – epics and

genealogies – Harshacharita and Rajatarangini – Study of memoirs and biographies –

Babarnama, Akbarnama, Jahangirnama – Sufi Ishrat traditions

Unit- 3: Paradigms and approaches to history-Definition of paradigm, the importance of paradigm,

paradigm shifts, Approaches to Indian history-Orientalist, Imperialist, Nationalist, Marxist,

Subaltern, Post-modernist

Unit- 4: History and other disciplines-Inter-disciplinary approaches in history, Relations with

archaeology, geography anthropology, linguistics, sociology, economics, philosophy, politics,

natural sciences applied sciences and literature

Unit- 5Importance of studying local or regional history – Local and Regional historians, Satish

Chandra Mitra, Narendranath Ray and others 

Select Readings:

  • Manchester University Press, 1992.


Paper-201: Cultural History of Modern India  

(Open Course))

Unit 1: Literary Culture —Culture and Language in Colonial India-The Hindi Movement– Literary

World – The rise of the Novel: Bankim Chandra—Rabindranath up to KallolYug- Press and

Public Opinion—Vernacular Newspapers and their impact

Unit 2: The city and its inhabitants: Urbanisation and urbanism in colonial India – Emergence of the metropolis of Calcutta; the mofussil centers – The ‘middle class and other classes in the new cities – Aspects of elite and popular culture in the cities- – the evolution of regional attire.

Unit 3: Archaeology and Public Culture-Development of Archaeological Knowledge —Issues of Cultural heritage-The Museum Movement in Colonial India.

Unit 4: Visual and Aesthetic Culture -The Making of the New Indian Art-Development of Art History-Various forms of Art like calendar Art—Art in Almanacs— Institutions of Art and architecture in Colonial India;

Unit 5: Performance Culture in the Public Space—Jatra—Circus—Theatre, Cinema, Music, Sports and Physical culture.

Select Readings:

Paper-202:  Western Historiography:  Concept and Methods

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: The emergence of Western Historical Tradition (Graeco-Roman Era): History Writing in the Classical Era – Writings of Herodotus, Thucydides and others in Classical Greece–History

Writing in the Roman age – Writings of Polybus, Tacitus, Pliny and others–Past Forms, Myths, Legends and Sources

Unit- 2: History writing during the Christian Medieval Period till the 18th Century: Church historiography – St. Augustine – Arab Historiography – Nature of Medieval Historiography – Collection and Compilation Work–Impact of Renaissance and Reformation on History writing – Rationalist Historiography – Voltaire, Gibbon and Robinson–Philosophy of Romanticism- Rousseau and Herder 

Unit- 3: The tradition of History Writing in the 19th & 20th Centuries: Philosophy of Positivism – Neibuhr, Ranke, Comte, Buckle. Marxist Historical Tradition – Karl Marx, Christopher Hill,

E.P. Thompson & Hobsbawm. Universal Historiography – Arnold Toynbee. Annales School – Marc Bloch, Lucien Febvre and Fernand Braudel

Unit- 4: Debates in History: The Industrial Revolution–The French Revolution–The American

Revolution–Historical Writings in the Post-modern Period 

Unit- 5: Structure and Interdisciplinary Nature of History Writing: The historian at work narrative, description, analysis, rhetoric and structure– Research in HistoryMethodology of Historical

Research– Importance of Sources in History- Oral evidence and incorporating Visual Sources into written History–History and Science/History and Social Sciences

Select Readings:

  • Arthur Marwick, The Nature of History, Macmillan, 1989.
  • B. Sheik Ali, History: Its Theory & Method, Macmillian India Limited, 1991.
  • D. Bebbington, Patterns in History, Leicester.
  • E. Sreedharan, A Textbook of Historiography, Orient Longman, 2004.
  • E.H. Carr, What is History, New York, 1962.
  • Ernest Breisach, Historiography, Ancient, Medieval & Modern, Chicago, 1983.
  • Fernand Braudel, Civilization and Capitalism, Vol. I-III, Fontana 1985.
  • Fernand Braudel, On History,London, 1980.
  • G.P. Gooch, History and Historians in the Nineteenth Century.
  • Geoffrey Barraclough, Main Trends in History, New York, 1979.
  • George Iggers,New Directions in European Historiography, NewYork, 1985. 18
  • H.E. Barnes, A History of Historical Writing, New York, 1962.
  • Herbert Butterfield, Man on his Past: The Study of Historical Writing, Boston, 1966.
  • J.W. Thompson, History of Historical Writing, New York, 1952.
  • 20. Paul Ricoeur,The Contribution of French Historiography to the Theory of History, Oxford 1980.
  • 21. Pieter Geyl, Debates With Historians, Cleveland Ohio, 1958. 22. R.G. Collingwood, The Idea of History, London, 1969.

Paper-203: Women in Indian Society: From Past to Present

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: Understanding gender and patriarchy; theory and practice— Historiography of women’s history in India—Construction of Gender: effeminacy and Masculinity.

Unit- 2: Indus valley women—-Brahmanical patriarchy in India — Women and property—-    Stridhana— Women in medieval India—- Political processes, the harem and household—– Women and literary activities—changes in the notion of gender in early modern India

 Unit- 3:  Women and Social Reforms in Nineteenth-Century India-Women and Modern Education— Gender and Domesticity-Dress code in the private sphere— The Question of Marriage, Dowry and Notion of patriarchy—The cursed Widowhood—-the marginal women.

 Unit- 4: Class, Caste, Communalism and gender in India-Women and Politics—participation in Gandhian movement as well as in revolutionary movement—- Women And Labour-Women and Labour Class Movement-Gender and Nationalism-Concept of Mother India- Muslim women and education with special reference to Begum Rokya.

Unit- 5:Gender and Cultural Representations—-Visual Culture and Literature—Performance in Theatre, Films—Circus and in the Sporting arena—Representation of women in the calendar art, almanacs and advertisements.

Select Readings:

  • Geraldine Forbes, Women in Modern India, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996.
  • Amitava Chatterjee(ed), Historicizing Gendered Modernity’s in India, Primus Books, New Delhi, 2020.
  • Sumit Sarkar and  Tanika  Sarkar  (ed.),  Women and  Social  Reform,  A  Reader,  2  Volumes,  Permanent Black,Delhi, 2011.
  • Amitava Chatterjee(ed), Gender and Modernity, SetuPrakashani, Kolkata, 2015.
  • Charu Gupta, Sexuality, Obscenity, Community: Women, Muslims, and the Hindu Public in Colonial India, Permanent Black, 2001.
  • BambsOline, Faces of Feminism – A Study of feminism as a Social Movement, Blackwell Publishers, New Jersey, 1986.
  • Bharati Ray and Aparna Basu (eds.) From Freedom to Independence: Women and Fifty Years of India’s Independence, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1999.
  • C.Chakrapani. &S.Vijayakumar, Changing status and role of women in Indian Society, M.D.Publications, (p) Ltd., New Delhi, 1994.
  • C.S.Lakshmi, Women in Society, Vikas Publishing House (p) Ltd., New Delhi, 1984.
  • D.Janaki, Women’s Issues, Dhana Publications, Chennai, 2001.
  • Engels, Dagmar, Beyond Purdah? Women in Bengal, 1890-1939. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996
  • Lata Mani, Contentious Traditions:  The Debate on Sati in Colonial India, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 1998.
  • M. Mohanty, Class, Caste, Gender, Sage, New Delhi, 2004.
  • Mala Khullar (ed.), Writing the Women’s Movement: A Reader,Zubaan Books, Delhi, 2005.
  • Radha Kumar,  A  History  of  Doing:  An  Illustrated Account  of  Movements  for  Women’s  Rights  and Feminism in India, 1800-1990,Zubaan Books, Delhi, 1993

Paper-204: Select themes of Ancient Societies

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: Journey of the human society – theories related to the evolution of human society – stages of human society.

Unit- 2: The Ancient Indian Society – Indus Valley Civilization, Vedic Society, varnashrama dharma, the position of women

Unit- 3: Ancient Egypt – sources – social structure – kingship – the priesthood – position of women – the Osyrian cult – the Hittait invasion – law and punishment – mummification.

Unit- 4: The Age of Antiquity: Greece – the Polis, social structure, the position of the Helots, Perioikois and women – Greek pantheon – Olympic – society and culture reflected in the classical comedies and tragedies, Roman society, condition of the slaves and women – Gladiator – Roman law.

Unit- 5: The Oriental Society in Ancient Times: China – Chinese society during the Tsang and Han dynasties, Chinese pantheon – Confucius and his ideology – Buddhism and Taoism – TsunZu – position of women.

Select Readings:

  • B. Trigger, Understanding Early Civilizations: A Comparative Study (CUP, 2003).
  • L. Karlovsky and J. Sabloff ed., Ancient Civilizations: A Study of the Near Eastern and Mesoamerican Civilizations (new edn, 1995).
  • Robert McC Adams, Heartland of Cities (Chicago, 1981).
  • Brian M. Fagan, People of the Earth. Susan Pollock, Ancient Mesopotamia: An Eden that Never Was (1999).
  • J. N. Postgate, Early Mesopotamia: Society and Economy at the Dawn of History (1992).
  • C. Redman, The Rise of Civilisation (San Francisco, 1978).
  • M. Hammond, The City in the Ancient World (Harvard, 1972).
  • D. Oates, The Rise of Civilisation (Oxford, 1976)
  • Norman Yoffee, Myths of the Archaic State. Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States and Civilizations (CUP, 2005)
  • Encyclopedia of Islam. 1960–2004.12 vols. Leiden: E.J. Brill
  • Jones, A.H.M. ed.History of Rome through the fifth century: Selected Documents, vols. 1 and 2. New York: Harper and Row, 1968-70
  • Kelley, Donald R. Versions of History from Antiquity to the Enlightenment. New Haven: Yale University Press 1991
  • Philips, C.H. ed. Historians of India, Pakistan and Ceylon. London: Oxford University Press. Pulleybank, 1967
  • E.G. and Beasley, W.G. eds. Historians of China and Japan, London: Oxford University Press, 1961

Paper-205: Select themes of Medieval Societies

(Elective Course)

Unit- 1: Evolution of the Christian Church and the prevailing anti-Church feeling in Europe- Anabaptism, Martin Luther,etc

Unit- 2: Feudalism in Europe -its definition, features, nature and the process of decline.

Unit- 3: Crusades and its impact on medieval European society.

Unit- 4: Traditional Societies of the Far East- China and Japan

Unit- 5: Structure of medieval society of India-changes in social psyche under the impact of Islam, the rise of Islam in Bengal Frontier – debates on syncretism and reformism in the medieval society of India.

Select Readings:

  • A.H. Hourani and S.M. Stern ed., The Islamic City,Cassirer,1978
  • D.S. Richards, ed. Islamic Civilisation. Edward W. Said, Orientalism, Pantheon Books,1978
  • Joseph Schacht, An Introduction to Islamic Law, Clarendon Press,1961
  • L. Krader, Formation of the State, Indiana University,1971
  • Marshall Hodgson, The Venture of Islam: conscience and history in world civilization, vol. 1- 2.,University of Chicago Press,1984
  • Patricia Crone, Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam., Gorgias Press,2004
  • R. Bulliet, The Patricians of Nishapur.,Lightning Source Inc.2008
  • R. Bulliet, Islam: the View from the Edge. Columbia University Press,1995
  • Wael B. Hallaq, The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law,Cambridge University Press,1994

Paper-206:  South Asian Perspectives

(Elective Course)         

Unit- 1: General Introduction: South Asia in Historical Perspectives, Climate, Settlement, Population,  Historical Geography, Resources – South Asia civilization – Races – Ethnicity and Identity.

Unit- 2: Foreign Policy of India – Non-alignment, Panchsheel, SAARC, Commonwealth, post-cold war and recent trends

Unit- 3: Foreign Policy of South Asian countries –Prospects and possibilities of economic development in the age of globalization.

Unit- 4: India’s Look East policy-Cultural and Political perspectives

Unit- 5: Culture: South Asian Cultural Influences and its Impacts, Diaspora

Select Readings:


Paper-301: Contemporary History of India Since 1947

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: Definitions of Contemporary History.  Phases of the Political transition in India after

Independence – The Congress System- the Kashmir Question–Refugee problems.

Unit- 2: Framing of the new Constitution- integration of the princely statesthe birth of republic –

Nehru and the formation of a planned economy-Agriculture and Land Reform-the drive for

industrialization- Linguistic reorganization of the provinces- Birth of Indian Electoral


Unit 3:  India after Nehru- Indira Gandhi and the Congress-Collapse of the Congress system-the

Emergency-Experiments with coalition politics.

Unit 4: Communal and Caste mobilization since the 1980s and 1990s: Liberation and the Indian


Unit 5:India in world politics: conflict with Pakistan and China-India and the Soviet Union- the

emergence of India and her neighbours: SAARC-Foreign policy in an age of globalization.

Select Readings:

Paper-302:Modern World 19th and 20th Centuries

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: Legacy of the Nineteenth Century – growth of capitalism and imperialism – England, France,

Germany and Japan – the spread of liberalism, nationalism and socialism.

Unit- 2: World Order upto 1945 – the impact of the World Wars on the world order – changes in

world politics before and after the rise of Nazism and Fascism, the crisis in the capitalist

power block with special reference to the depression of the 1930s, economic and political

aspects of rising and growth of the socialist state system, the Soviet Union and China,

decolonization, social changes.

Unit- 3: Cold War and its effects – the ideological and political basis of the cold war – pacts and

treaties,regional tensions (Palestine, Kashmir, Cuba, Korea and Vietnam), new trends of oil

politics,nuclear diplomacy, Non-Aligned Movement and the Third World, UNO and the

concept ofworld peace.

Unit- 4: The disintegration of Socialist Blocks and end of Cold War – genesis and process of

the disintegration of the socialist blocks – its impact on society and politics, end of the bipolar

world system.

Unit- 5: Globalization – conceptual aspects of globalization, changes in the structure of production

and production relations, the new commerce and expansion of capital, socio-cultural

changes, the impact of globalization on the economy, society and polity of the developing


Select Readings:

  • Peter Cain and Mark Harrison, Critical Concepts in Historical Studies: Imperialism, Routledge,2001
  • Anthony Brewer, Marxist Theories of Imperialism: A Critical Survey.,Routledge,2003
  • Tom Kemp, Theories of Imperialism, Dobson, 1967 E. Kedourie, Nationalism, Blackwell,1993
  • E. Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, Cornell University Press,2008
  • E.J. Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism since 1780, CUP,1997
  • Ania Loomba, Colonialism/Postcolonialism, Routledge,2005 Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, Verso,2006
  • John Hutchinson and Anthony Smith (eds.), Critical Concepts in Political Science: Nationalism, Routledge, 2000
  • John Lewis Gaddis, We Now Know, Rethinking the Cold War History, OUP, 1997.
  •  Lorenz Luthi, The Sino-Soviet Split: Cold War in the Communist World, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
  • RaymonGarthoff, The Great Transition: American Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War, Washington: Brookings, 1994.
  • Vladislav Zubok, A Failed Empire: The Soviet Union and the Cold War From Stalin to Gorbachev, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Paper-303:History of Environment and Ecology in India

(Core Course)

Unit- 1: Environment and Ecology in Indian ethos and Philosophy, social formations and

indigenous knowledge systems, climatic factors in the evolution of the societies, the oriental

system and traditional management of the environment in India.

Unit- 2: Geographical zones – forests, mountains, river systems, ocean and deserts.

Unit- 3: Indian environment after expansion of agriculture in ancient and medieval periods.

Unit- 4: Colonial intervention and environment, the impact of colonial state-making on Indian

forestsand rivers, water and social structure, drought, flood and climatic changes,

tribalization and also De- tribalization of communities.

Unit- 5: Review of environmental movements in modern India-Dam, Narmada Bachao movement,

               Chipko movement and others

Select Readings:

  • Adam Rome, “‘Give Earth a Chance’: The Environmental Movement and the Sixties”.Journal of American History 90, (2003)
  • Agraval, Arun and K. Shivaramakrishnan.Social Nature, Resources, Representation and Rule in India. Delhi: 2001. 
  • Baviskar, Amita.“Tribal Politics and Discourses of Environmentalism”.Contribution to Indian Sociology, 1997
  • Chakrabarti, Ranjan. Ed.Situating Environmental History, New Delhi: Manohar, 2007.
  • Cederlof, Gunnel and Sivaramakrishnan, K. Ed. Ecological Nationalisms: Nature, Livelihoods, and Identities in South Asia. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2005. 
  • Crosby, Alfred W. Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900- 1900, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995
  • D’Souza, Rohan.Drowned and Dammed: Colonial Capitalism and Flood Control in Eastern in India. New Delhi:Oxford University Press, 2006
  • Gadgil, Madhav and Ramachandra Guha. The Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. 
  • Guha, Ramachandra. “Forestry in British and Post-British India: A Historical Analysis”,Economic and Political Weekly 18, no. 44. (October 29, 1983): 1882-1896
  • Guha, Ramachandra and J. Martinez-Alier. Varieties of Environmentalism- Essays and South.London: Earthscan Publications Ltd. 
  • MacKenzie, John M.The Empire of Nature:Hunting, Conservation, and British Imperialism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988. 
  • Rangarajan, Mahesh and Sivaramakrishnan, K. Ed. India`s Environmental History: From Ancient Times to the Colonial Period: A Reader. Vol. 1 and 2. Ranikhet: Permanent Black
  • Schumacher, E.F.Small is Beautiful A Study of Economics as if People Mattered. London: Vintage Books, 1993. 
  • Simmons, I.G. Environmental History: A Concise Introduction. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1993.  Sivaramakrishnan, K. Modern Forests: State Making and EnvironmentalChange in Colonial Eastern India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press,1999.

Paper-304: History of Religion in India

(Elective Course)

Unit- 1: Introduction to Religious History Historiographical Debate on Religious History, Philosophy

of Religion, Religion and Ideology

Unit- 2: Vedic Religion-ritual and thought, Jainism, Buddhism

Unit- 3: Islamic Religious Thought, Sufism, Sikhism, Shaivism, Shaktism, Nath-Panthis, Vaishnavite

movement in Eastern India, Jagannath cult in Odisha, Vithoba cult of Maharastra, Rishi cult

in Kashmir, Nayannar and Alwar’s of south India

Unit- 4: The Christian religion, Brahmo Samaj, PrathanaSamaj, Arya Samaj movements, the

              Ahmadiyya Muslim movement

Unit- 5: The Ramkrishna-Vivekananda movement, Bharat Seva Ashram, Anukul Thakur, Ramthakur

Theosophical movement,Temple Rituals and Relationship with politics – Donations, Grants,

Patrons, Debottar, Wakalf and Artists; Mathas (Mutts)

Select Readings:

  • Chihara, Diagoro, 1996. Hindu-Buddhist Architecture in Southeast Asia, Leiden: Brill.
  • Dhar, Parul Pandya, 2010. The Torana in Indian and Southeast Asian Architecture, New Delhi: DK Printworld.
  • Flueckiger, Joyce and Laurie Sears eds., 1991, Boundaries of the Text: Epic Performances in South and Southeast Asia, Ann Arbor: Centre for South and Southeast Asian Studies.
  • Girard-Geslan, Maud et. al. 1997. Art of Southeast Asia, New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers (English tr. of 1994 French edition).
  • Klokke, Marijke ed, 2000. Narrative Sculpture and Literary Traditions in South and Southeast Asia (Studies in Asian Art and Archaeology, Vol. 23)
  • Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill. Pande, Anupa and Parul Pandya Dhar eds, 2004. Cultural Interface of India with Asia: Religion, Art and Architecture, New Delhi: D.K. Printworld.
  • Pollock, Sheldon, 2006, The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Language, Culture, and Power in Pre-Modern India, Berkeley and LA: University of California Press.
  • Ray, Himanshu Prabha ed., 2007. Sacred Landscapes in Asia: Shared Traditions, Multiple Histories, IIC Asia Project, New Delhi: Manohar.
  • Schober Juliane ed, 1997. Sacred Biography in the Buddhist Traditions of South and Southeast Asia, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
  • Tarling, Nicholas ed. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, Vol. I, Part 1 (beginnings to 1500 CE), Cambridge University Press.       

Paper-305: Regional History of 24 Pargana District(Ancient Times to 1986)

(Elective Course)

Unit-1: 24 Parganas District in Pre-Modern Age:Geography of the District, Climate. Topography,

Roads, Rivers, etc.,History of the Economy of the District, Social and Cultural Heritage,

Archaeological Centers.

Unit-2: 24 Parganas District in Modern Age: Acquisition of Zamindari by the British and Foundation

of the District, Colonial Rule in the 24 Parganas, 24 Parganas in the Indian Freedom Movement,

The Administrative Structure of the District before and after Independence.

Unit-3: Demography of 24 Parganas District: Demographics Pattern of the District, Hindu-Muslim

Communities and their Relations, Society and Economy of the District after Independence,

Cultural Evolution.

Unit-4: Refugees in the District of 24 Parganas: Partition and the Refugee Migration in the District of

24 Parganas, Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Programme, Economic and Political Changes:

The Role of the Namasudra Community, Evolution of Religion and Culture: The Spread of

Matua Religion.

Unit-5: Society, Culture, Economy of the District of 24 Parganas:Agriculture, Industry, Trade, Hats

and Bazaars, Fair,  Education, Literature, Art, Sports

Select Readings:

  • L.S.S. O’Malley, Bengal District Gazetteers: 24 Parganas
  • Kamal Chowdhury, Chabbish Pargana: Uttar Dakshin Sundarban
  • Krishnakali Mondal, Dakshin Chabbis Pargana: AnchalikItihaserUpokoron
  • Krishnakali Mondal, Dakshin ChabbisParganarBismritoOdhyoy
  • Gokul Chandra Das (Ed.), ChabbisParganarAnchalikItihas O Sanskriti

Paper-306: Economic History of Modern India

(Elective Course)

Unit-1:Features of colonial economic domination in India – Indian trade and European Companies—

Mercantilism—Colonial Economic Impact: The Nationalist and Revisionist Historiography

Unit-2:The British economic policies and their impact—The revenue settlements – the land and the

state—commercialization of agriculture – rural indebtedness and rural credit – forms of

agricultural labour –the rise of Jotedars and Zamindars.

Unit-3:Foreign trade and balance of payments in colonial India – drain of wealth and beyond –

deindustrialization and traditional industries –Growth of modern industry and the capitalist

class,the railways and their far-reaching consequences – banking and currency.

Unit-4: Growth of Plantation economy—-Tea, Indigo, coffee, rubber—-Mining industry—-coal—jute

mills and markets – iron and steel industry with special reference to TISCO – the cotton


 Unit-5:Emergence of factory labour—-demography and national income – price movements and

fluctuations in economic activity – the standard of living.

Select Readings:

  • Dharma Kumar, (ed.), The Cambridge Economic History of India, Vol. II: c. 1757-2003, Orient Blackswan, New Delhi, 2008.
  • Tirthankar Roy., The Economic History of India, 1857- 1947, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, Second Edition, 2009
  • Ratnalekha Ray, Change in Bengal Agrarian Society c. 1760-1850, New Delhi, Manohar, 1979.
  • Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Arun Bandopadhyay (eds.), Documents on Economic History of British Rule in India, 1858-1947: Eastern India in the Late Nineteenth Century, Part I: 1860s-1870s, Manohar, New Delhi, 2009
  • Sugata Bose The New Cambridge History of India III: 2; Peasant Labour and Colonial Capital: Rural Bengal since 1770, Cambridge University Press, 1993.
  • B. R. Tomlinson, The Political Economy of the Raj 1914-1947, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979.
  • Daniel Thorner and Alice Thorner., Land and Labour in India, Asia Publishing House, Delhi, 1965.
  • Ranajit Guha, A Rule of Property For Bengal: An Essay on the Idea of Permanent Settlement, Orient Longman.
  • Ritika Prasad, Tracks of change: railways and everyday life in colonial India, Cambridge University Press, New Delhi, 2015.
  •  Rajat K. Roy, Entrepreneurship and Industry in India: 1800-1947, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1992.

Paper-307:Indian Diaspora

(Elective Course)

Unit-1: Genesis of Indian Diaspora – Various issues, Debates and Binaries in the historical context.

Unit-2: Industrial penetration and Europeanization of India during colonial rule, changes like

the Indian diaspora

Unit-3: Withering Colonial Powers-Beginning of the Golden age of the Indian Diasporic communities

in the colonial countries

Unit-4:  Indianity, Indianess of the Diasporic communities in religio-cultural-social life, Some

illustrious Diasporians: Dr. Shib Sagar Ram Gulam, Dr. Nabin Chandra Ram Gulam, Dr.

ChhediJagan, Bansdeo Pandey, V.S. Naipaul etel

Unit-5: The new age of diaspora under the impact of globalization, changes in the concept of

homeland and reconstruction of the idea of nationalism.

Select Readings:

  • Ananda Gopal Ghosh, DakhinPurbaAsiar Mukti Sangram o Netaji Subhas Chandra Basu, Sanbedan, 2012
  • Edward Said, Orientalism (New York: Viking, 1978).
  • Johannes Fabian, Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Objects (New York: Columbia University Press, 1983).
  • Stephen Greenblatt, Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World (Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 1991).
  • AshisNandy, The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self under Colonialism (Delhi: Oxford, 1983). Thongchai Winichakul, Siam Mapped: A History of the Geo-Body of a Nation (University of Hawaii Press).
  • Larry Wolff, Inventing Eastern Europe: The Map of Civilization on the Mind of the Enlightenment (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994).
  • C. L. R. James, Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (New York: Vintage Books, 1963 [1938]; new ed., New York: Penguin, 2001).
  • Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America: The Discourse of the Other, trans. Richard Howard (New York: Harper & Row paperback, 1984).
  • Timothy Mitchell, Colonising Egypt (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).
  • Bernard Cohn, Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).


Paper-401:West Bengal 1947 Onwards

(Core Course)

Unit-1: Transitional Politics in West Bengal: The Refugee Question:Partition, Creation of the State of

WestBengal, Politics and Economy of West Bengal at the Time of Partition, Refugee Influx,

Refugee Campsand the Government’s Rehabilitation Policy, Rehabilitation of Refugees

outside Bengal, From Dandakaranya to Marichjhapi

Unit-2: The State Government and the Administration: First Phase: 1947-1962, Second Phase: 1962-

1972, Third Phase: 1972-1977,  Fourth Phase: 1977-2011, Sixth Phase: 2011: Recent Times

Unit-3: Society and Culture: Education, Literature, Art, Sports, Ghoti-Bangal etc

Unit-4: Economy: Agriculture and Agrarian Structure, Abolition of Zamindari System, Land Reforms

during the Next Three Decades, Industry, Urbanization and Growth of the Working Class, The

Place of West Bengal in the National Economy of India, Trade and Commerce, the Rise of the

Bengali Trading Community, Development of Villages and Towns, Social and Economic Role

of the Middle Class.

Unit-5: Movement: History of Peasant, Workers’ and Student Movement, Food Movement,

Nakshalbari movement, Women’sRights and Human Rights Movement, Environmental

Movement, Development of Nationalist Culture and Politics, The Growth and Decline of the

Leftist Movement in West Bengal.

Select Readings:

  • Sekhar Bandopadhyay, From Plassey To Partition and After A History of Modern India
  • Joya Chatterji, Bengal Divided: Hindu Communalism and Partition, 1932-1947
  • Sunanda Sanyal, Soumya Basu, The Sickle and The Crescent. Communists, The Muslim League and India’s Partition.
  • Ritu Menon— No Woman’s Land: Women from Pakistan, India And Bangladesh Write on The Partition of India
  • Gargi Chakravarty— Coming out of Partition – Refugee Women of Bengal
  • Kali Prasad Mukhopadhyay— Partition of Bengal And After. The Great Tragedy of India
  • JasodharaBagchi&Subhoranjan Dasgupta (Eds.)— The Trauma and The Triumph, Vols I-II
  • SandipaBandyopadhyaya— Bengal Partition: Battered Background and Broken Minds
  • Rupkumar Barman— Partition of India And Its Impact on The Scheduled Castes of Bengal
  • Donner, Henrike—  The Significance of Naxalbari: Accounts of Personal Involvement And Politics In West Bengal
  • Henrike Donner—  The significance of Naxalbari: accounts of personal involvement and politics in West Bengal
  • Sailen Debnath ed.— Social and Political Tensions in North Bengal since 1947
  • N Jayapalan— Foreign policy of India.
  • Sukanta Chaudhuri—Calcutta, the Living City: The past
  • Kumar Suresh Singh, Tilak Bagchi— People of India: West Bengal
  • Anuradha Banerjee— Environment, population, and human settlements of Sundarban Delta. 
  • Jyotirmoy Sen— Land Utilisation and Population Distribution: A Case Study of West Bengal, 1850–1985.
  • JasodharaBagchi, Sarmistha Dutta Gupta—  The changing status of women in West Bengal, 1970–2000: the challenge ahead
  • Ajitava Raychaudhuri, Tuhin K. Das, eds, West Bengal economy: some contemporary issues
  • Partha Chatterjee, The Present History of West Bengal: Essays in Political Criticism

Paper-402: State, Society and Economy in Medieval India

(Core Course)

Unit 1: The medieval Indian State – theory of kingship, growth of the institutional structure through

Iqta, Mansab and Jaigir, the role of various pressure groups, composition and nature of the

rulingclasses, State and regional powers.

Unit 2: Interpreting 18th century – potentiality and weakness, elements of conflict, state and

orthodoxy, the process of decline.

Unit 3: Structure of rural society in medieval India – explaining composition and stratification with

an introduction to popular and institutional sources, village community – its nature and

adjustment with the State.

Unit 4: Structure of the urban society – evolution and composition, classes and communities, rural-

urban relations.

Unit 5: Technology and Economy, Agrarian Economy, Non-agrarian Economy, Inland and Maritime

Trade, Business Practices and Monetary History and Taxation

Select Readings:

  • Ahmad, Aziz. 1991. Studies in Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment, paperback New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Alam, Muzaffar. 2004. The Languages of Political Islam in India, c. 1200-1800. New Delhi: Permanent Black.
  • Aquil, Raziuddin. 2009. Sufism, Culture and Politics: Afghans and Islam in Medieval North India, reprint. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Aquil, Raziuddin. ed. 2010. Sufism and Society in Medieval India, Debates in Indian History and Society Series. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Eaton, Richard M. ed. 2003. India’s Islamic Traditions, 711-1750. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Ernst, Carl W. and Bruce B. Lawrence. 2002. Sufi Martyrs of Love: The Chishti Order in South Asia and Beyond. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Kolff, Dirk H.A. 1990. Naukar, Rajput and Sepoy: The Ethnohistory of Military Labour Markets in Hindustan, 1450 – 1850. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Halim, Abdul. 1974. History of the Lodi Sultans of Delhi and Agra, reprint. Delhi: Idarah-iAdabiyat-iDelli.
  • Rizvi, S.A.A. 1978. A History of Sufism in India, Vol. I, Early Sufism and its History in India to 1600 A.D. Delhi: MunshiramManoharlal.
  • Siddiqui, I.H. 1969. Some Aspects of Afghan Despotism in India. Aligarh: Three Men.

Paper-403:  Science, Technology and Medicine in India

(Elective Course)

Unit 1:Science as a theme in History-Colonial Science and its Forms-Historical Debates- Science and

colonial Explorations- East India Company and scientific explorations-Establishment of

Scientific institutions; Botanical Survey of India, Geological Survey of India etc.-Establishment

of Engineering and Medical Colleges in India- Bengal Technical Institute, Calcutta Medical

College etc.

Unit 2:Differences between the notion of imperialist science and nationalist perceptions-

development of Swadeshi Enterprises- Debates in national bodies dealing with science-

Science and Indian nationalism: Emergence of national science vis-a-vis colonial science:

Mahendralal Sarkar, P.C.Ray, J.C.Bose, MeghnadSaha etc.

Unit 3:Technology as a theme in History-Imperialism and technology-Colonial and Indigenous

notions of technology-Technology and Rural change-institutionalization of technical

knowledge in India- technology and the colonial project of India’s development –

Departments of Irrigation, Agriculture, Public Works, Railways.

Unit 4: Medicine as a theme in History-Various forms of Medical knowledge-History of medicine as a

discipline-tropical medicine -encounter between allopathic and indigenous medicine-

Ayurveda and Unani medicine-Rise and growth of hospitals and laboratories.

Unit 5: Medicine and Empire-Public health and epidemic diseases-disease and disease control:

Comparative perspectives of Malaria, Smallpox, Cholera, Tuberculosis and Plague- Social

dimension of health in India-state policy to health and medicine-popular response to health

care services of state- women and western medicine.

Select Readings:

Paper-404: Intellectual History of Bengal (1783-1947)

(Elective Course)

Unit 1: Modern Intellectual Awakening: Birth of the Asiatic Society, 1783,

 Renaissance: Emergence of the intellectual’s platforms, Associations, Societies and


Unit 2: Bangiya Sahitya Parisad, Beginning of the Banga Sahitya Sammilan, Indian Association for the

Cultivation of Science.

Unit 3: Muhammedan Literary Society, Muslim Sahitya Sammelan, Buddhi Mukti Andolan, Role of

Abdul Latif, Amir Ali, Delowar Hussein, Dr.Sahidullah, Abul Fazal, Kazi Abdul odud, Kazi

Motahar Hussein, etc.

Unit 4: Growth of the Intellectual Societies in the mofussil Districts yours: Rangpur Sahitya Parisad,

Uttar Banga Sahitya Sammilan, BarendraAnusandhan Samiti

Unit 5: Bengali Intellectuals: Their attitudes towards the non-caste people, Growth of the Radical

Humanism in Bengal

Select Readings:


Paper-405: Select Debates in Indian History

(Elective Course)

Unit 1: The Aryan Debate, Feudalism Debate, Indian State Formation, 2ndUrbanisation

Unit 2: The Eighteenth-Century Debate, Urbanisation under Delhi Sultanate

Unit 3: Debate on Plassey Battle

Unit 4: The ideology of the Raj- Orientalism and others, De-Industrialisation in Colonial India-Drain of

              Wealth, debate on Bengal Renaissance

Unit 5: Nationalism, Communalism, Secularism, Partition Historiographyetc

Select Readings:

  • B.B. Majumdar, History of Indian Social & Political Ideas, Calcutta, 1967.
  • D.H. Bishop(ed), Thinkers of the Indian Renaissance, New Delhi, 1982.
  •  Gail Omvedt, Cultural Revolt in a Colonial Society: The Non-Brahman Movement in Western India, 1873-1930, Bombay, 1976.
  •  Gail Omvedt, Dalits & the Democratic Revolution, New Delhi, 2000.
  •  J. Bandopandhyay, Social and Political Thought of Gandhi, Allied Publishers, Bombay,
  •  N. Mehta &S.P.Chabra, Modern Indian Political Thought, Jullundur, 1976. 18. Partha Chatterjee, Nationalist Thought & the Colonial World, OUP
  •  Raghavan Iyer, The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi, New York, 1973.
  •  Richard P Tucker, Ranade and the Roots of Indian Nationalism, Bombay, 1977.
  • SudiptaKaviraj, The Unhappy Consciousness: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and the Formation of Nationalist Discourse in India, OUP, 2000.
  • TapanRoychaudhuri, Europe Reconsidered: Perceptions of the West in NeneteenthCentury Bengal
  •  Thomas Pantham and Kenneth L Deutsch (eds), Political Thought in Modern India, New Delhi, 1986.
  •  V.C. Joshi ed. Rammohan Roy and the Process of Modernization in India, Delhi, 1976.

Paper-406: Resistance Movements in Colonial India

(Elective Course)

Unit 1:Resistance Movements prior to the Great rebellion—politico-religious movements; Fakir

Uprising (Bengal, 1776-77),Sanyasi Uprising (Bengal, 1770-the 1820s), Chuar rebellion of

1767,Rangpur rebellion of 1783,PagalPanthis, Wahabi Movement, Faraizi Revolt, Kuka

Revolt,MoplahRebellions(1835)—– Movement by the Dependents of the Deposed Rulers:

Ramosi Uprising (1822, 1825-26), Gadkari Revolt (1844).

Unit 2:Tribal Uprisings prior to 1857—- Nature of Tribal Movements, Santhal Rebellion, Khond

Uprising, Early Munda Ulugan 1789-1832, Bhils and Kolis Uprisings, Khasi Uprising, Ahom


Unit 3:India in 1857: Causes of 1857, nature of 1857—interpretations of the events—the reactions

of the State—the world of the native insurgence—new histories of the Revolt.

Unit 4:Peasant movements in the phase after 1857: Indigo Revolt (1859-60), Pabna Agrarian

Protest, Deccan Riots, Eka Movement (1921), Mappila Revolt 1921, Bardoli resistance 1926–

Post War Movements: Tebhaga Movement, Telengana Movement, Khaksar movement

Unit 5:Working class Movements: Nature of the resistance, First phase of the movement, 1850-

1918, Second Phase of the movement 1918-47.

Select Readings:

  • Chandra, Bipan, et. al., India’s Struggle for Independence,New Delhi,1989
  • Bandopadhyay, Sekhar, From Plassey to Partition, Orient Longman, Delhi, 2004.
  • Sarkar Sumit: Modern India 1885 to 1947, New Delhi, 1983.
  • Stokes, Eric, Peasants and the Raj: Studies in Agrarian Society and Peasant Rebellion in Colonial India, Cambridge, 1978
  • Dhanagare, D.N, Peasant movements in India, 1920-1950, 1983.
  • Guha Ranajit, Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India, 1983.
  • Banerjee Dube, Ishita, A history of Modern India, Cambridge.
  • Dilip  Simeon.,  The  Politics of  Labour under  Late  Colonialism:  Workers,  Unions and the  State in  ChotaNagapur, 1928-1939, Manohar, Delhi, 1995.
  • Dipesh Chakrabarty, Rethinking Working-Class History:  Bengal, 1890–1940, Princeton, N.J. Princeton University Press,1989
  • Anil Kumar Sarkar, Tribes of Sub Himalaya Region: Meches, Rabhas, Totos and Garos, Mittal Publications, 2021
  • RakhahariChatterji, Working Class and the Nationalist Movement in India: The Critical Years, New Delhi, 1984.
  • Sunil, Kumar, Working Class Movement in India, 1885-1975, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1991.
  • Sen Suchibrata, The Santals of Jungle Mahals: Through the Ages.

Paper-407: Project   (Core Course)

Education Department

Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Education Syllabus (Masters Degree) Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Education Syllabus (Masters Degree)

Journalism & Mass Communication Department

Harichand Guruchand University is one of the newly evolving state-aided universities in West Bengal. Though the university started  its legislative journey from 2019, but operationally it begins with the opening of nine postgraduate subjects in 2021. Journalism and Mass Communication is the only professional subject out   of  these four post graduate subjects which aims   for  achieving  diverse perspectives.

The course is unique for various reasons. It is a multidimensional course that encompasses a wide range of subjects. Anyone, belonging to any stream (B.A / B.Sc./ B.Com/ B.Engg./ B.Voc.) in the undergraduate level and  opting for a job-oriented curriculum  may enroll in this course. General graduates who find themselves at cross-roads can choose this subject for a bright career. After undergoing this two-year post-graduate   M.A. program or even one year of the said course (P.G. Diploma), the student may get  the  job of a reporter or a sub-editor in a  regional / national newspaper/ television channel / radio broadcasting organization. S/he may also opt for a post of public relations officer in the private or public sector organizations. Adequate hands-on training will be provided so that the student can work as a professional  immediately after passing out.

This course opens up the possibility of working as an advertising executive in any advertising firm. NGOs working in the areas of  development and communication will opt for a pass out of this course since s/he has been adequately groomed in the nitty-gritty of communication for development. Those having interest in short-film making will also find this course helpful and relevant. And this is an ideal course for becoming a film journalist. If the student is serious and studious, this course gives her/him ample opportunity to shine in life. Sky is the limit.

Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Journalism & Mass Communication Department Syllabus (Masters Degree) Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Journalism & Mass Communication Department Syllabus Harichand Guruchand University (HGU) Journalism & Mass Communication Department Syllabus(Time-Table_1st-Sem