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INTRODUCTION 1. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 1.1. The concept of the research
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INTRODUCTION 1. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 1.1. The concept of the research.



1.1. The concept of the research

What are the new challenges women face today, how they cope with them, what they need in order to improve their situation and to realize successfully themselves at work, in pubic life, in the family.

These are some of the major questions, this project tried to find answers of. It was conducted in Bulgaria, Kazahstan and Hungary with the UNIFEM’s financial support.

The goal of the project is to study the issues, expectations and new roles of women at work and in the family regarding the dynamics of the global transformations in all spheres of public life.

It also aims to assist women’s access to the globalizing labour market, as well as to contribute to improvement women’s opportunities for a free choice and decent work and family realization.

For this purpose, a team of experts and highly qualified researchers conducted a large-scale in- depth survey, applying up to the modern world standards quantitative and qualitative methods.

Within the project, a lot of empirical information was collected, systematized and analyzed, the main part of which is presented in this report. The received findings could be implemented in forming of data base on women’s problems, improving the methodology for collecting statistical information by gender, as well as for designing an employment policy accounting of the specific features of men and women, which may be implemented by both government and non-government organizations.

The concept of the survey was developed and specified through a series of discussions and actualizing of the main hypotheses. After a detailed analysis of theory, publications and available analyses on the topic, three main research hypotheses have been formulated.

The first hypothesis is that, the processes of worldwide globalization and economic, social and cultural transformations and reforms in the country change substantially the distribution of roles between men and women, adding more and more responsibilities for women.

The second hypothesis is that, as a result of the hard transition to market economy, women have more limited access to the labour market, but at the same time they are more adaptive and combinative compare to men.

The third is that, in comparison with men, women are more strongly injured considering payment, employment, holding high posts, as well as distribution of household labour. Women are more likely to fall in the poverty trap than men are and all this requires the employment policies and the strategies for improving the quality of life in the country to be specified by gender.

The research team implemented a complex approach to verify the hypotheses which elaboration passes through the following stages:

At the first stage, the concept of the survey was defined with the participation of authorized representatives of the three countries included in the project – Bulgaria, Kazahstan and Hungary.

This was made on a three-day workshop in Plovdiv in February 2001. At the second stage, a consultative council to the main research team has been formed, in which experts from the academic community, from different government and business institutions have been involved. The aim of the council was to contribute to the improving of work on the project at each phase.

At the third stage, with the help of the consultative council, the research methods were defined and the organization plan of the survey was approved. The team working on the project orientated toward conducting a large-scale survey on the theme, including quantitative and qualitative world standard methods.

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